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EEG principal component organization via time-frequency representation

Iordanidou Vasiliki

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Year 2009
Type of Item Διπλωματική Εργασία
Bibliographic Citation Vasiliki Iordanidou, "EEG principal component organization via time-frequency representation", Diploma Work, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece, 2009
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Over the past few years there has been an increased interest in studying theunderlying neural mechanism of cognitive brain activity related to memory. In thisdirection, we study the brain activity based on its independent components instead of the EEG signal itself aiming towards identifying and analyzing induced responses being attributed to oscillatory bursts from local or distant neural assemblies, with variable latency and frequency, in an auditory working memory paradigm. The significance of the components is determined via intertrial coherence measures. The contribution and functional coupling of independent components to evoked and/or induced oscillatory activities is investigated through the concept of the recently introduced partial directed coherence method, which can also reveal the direction of the statistically significant relationships. The results on real data from an oddball experiment are in accordance with previous psychophysiology studies suggesting increased phase locked activity most prominently in the delta/ theta band, while alpha is also apparent in measures of non phase-locked activity. Dynamic synchronization is inferred between the alpha and delta bands, whereas some influence of the theta band is also detected. This study indicates that functional connectivity during cognitive processes may be successfully assessed using spectral power measures applied on independent components, which reflect distinct spatial patterns of activity.

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