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Channel coding and detection for increased range bistatic scatter radio

Alevizos Panagiotis

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Year 2014
Type of Item Master Thesis
Bibliographic Citation Panagiotis Alevizos, "Channel coding and detection for increased range bistatic scatter radio", Master Thesis, School of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece, 2014
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Scatter radio, i.e communication by means of reflection, has emerged as a potential key-enablingtechnology for ultra low-cost, large-scale, ubiquitous sensor networking. Thiswork jointly studies noncoherent detection and channel coding for scatter radio networks, with the ultimate goal to further extend communication range, compared to prior art. Specifically, this work focuses on frequency shift keying modulation (FSK) in bistatic scatter radio architectures, where carrier emitter is dislocated from the software defined radio receiver (SDR). FSK is ideal for the power limited regime and allows for simple, frequency division multiple access (FDMA) of simultaneously operating receiver-less sensors.A novel composite hypothesis testing decoding rule is derived for noncoherent channel-encoded FSK, in bistatic scatter radio architectures. Such decoding rule is evaluated with short block length channel codes; the latter offer ultra-low encoding complexity, and thus, they are appropriate for resource-constraint scatter radio sensors. Reed-Muller and BCH codes are studied, due to their strong algebraic structure. It is shown that the proposed decoding scheme achieves high diversity order through interleaving. Extensive simulationsunder Rician fading scenarios include the impact of carrier frequency offset estimation errors, channel coherence time and interleaving depth. Closed-form performance analysis is also provided. Theoretical analysis for maximum likelihood coherent detection and decoding in on-off keying modulation (OOK) is also presented. Furthermore, experimental measurements are conducted outdoors, with a commodity SDR reader and custom scatter radio sensor. Sensor-to-reader ranges up to 134 meters are experimentally demonstratedwith omnidirectional antennas and 13 dBm (20 milliWatt) transmission power. Coded setup offered 10 additional meters range extension compared to the state-of-the-art uncodednoncoherent detection.As a result, this thesis provided a simple solution that could further leverage the adoption of scatter radio in large-scale, ultra low-cost wireless sensor networks

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