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An optimisation-oriented first-order multi-lane model for motorway traffic

Roncoli Claudio, Papageorgiou Markos, Papamichail Ioannis

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Year 2015
Type of Item Conference Full Paper
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Emerging vehicle automation and communication systems (VACS) may contribute to the mitigation of motorway traffic congestion on the basis of appropriate traffic control strategies. Based on appropriate VACS-based actuators, future traffic control may incorporate vehicle speed control and lane-assignment or lane-changing recommendations. To this end, an appropriate traffic flow model is needed, both for control strategy design and as a no-control base case for comparative evaluation studies. In this context, this paper presents a novel first-order multi-lane macroscopic traffic flow model for motorways which is mainly intended for use within a related optimal control problem formulation. The starting point is close to the well-known cell-transmission model (CTM), which is modified and extended to consider additional aspects of the traffic dynamics, such as lane changing and the capacity drop. The model has been derived with a view to combine realistic traffic flow description with a simple (piecewise linear) mathematical form, which can be exploited for efficient optimal control problem formulations. Although the model has been primarily derived for use in future traffic conditions including VACS, it may also be used for conventional traffic flow representation. In fact, the accuracy of the proposed modelling approach is demonstrated through calibration and validation procedures using conventional real data from an urban motorway located in Melbourne, Australia.

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