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Kinetic and mechanistic studies of the water–gas shift reaction on Pt/TiO2 catalyst

Angelos M. Efstathiou , Dimitris I. Kondarides , Christos M. Kalamaras, Panagiotopoulou Paraskevi

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Year 2009
Type of Item Peer-Reviewed Journal Publication
Bibliographic Citation C.M. Kalamaras, P. Panagiotopoulou, D.I. Kondarides, A.M. Efstathiou, “Kinetic and mechanistic studies of the water–gas shift reaction on Pt/TiO2 catalyst”, Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 264, no. 2, pp. 117-129, Jun 2009. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2009.03.002.
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A detailed kinetic and mechanistic study of the water–gas shift (WGS) reaction on a 0.5 wt% Pt/TiO2 catalyst has been carried out. The dependence of kinetic reaction rate on the partial pressures of reactants (CO, H2O) and products (H2, CO2), and the concentration and chemical structure of active and inactive reaction intermediates that are found in the “hydrogen-path” and “carbon-path” of the reaction have been investigated in the 200–270 °C range. The most likely mechanistic pathway of the WGS reaction over the present catalytic system is discussed. It has been found that the reaction rate increases with an increase in the concentration of CO or H2O in the feed stream, while it decreases significantly with the addition of H2 in the feed stream. On the contrary, the kinetic reaction rate was found to be practically independent on the concentration of CO2 in the feed stream. The experimental reaction rates that were estimated were fitted to an empirical power-law rate expression from which the kinetic reaction orders with respect to CO, H2O, CO2, and H2 were estimated to be 0.5, 1.0, ∼0.0, and −0.7, respectively. An apparent activation energy of 10.8 kcal/mol was also estimated. The formation of formate and carbonate surface species over the TiO2 support under WGS reaction conditions was proved via SSITKA–DRIFTS experiments. However, these reaction intermediates must be considered as inactive (spectator) species for the steady-state WGS reaction. Additional transient experiments that involved 18O-isotope provided strong support for the red-ox mechanism as the prevailing one on the present Pt/TiO2 catalyst, where labile oxygen and oxygen vacancies of TiO2 near the metal–support interface can participate in the reaction path of the WGS reaction.