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Εταιρείες ενεργειακών υπηρεσιών και ανασταλτικοί παράγοντες

Kaparis Iakovos-Lazaros

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URI: http://purl.tuc.gr/dl/dias/1340F56B-1AB7-47A3-B59B-6D3A4A717C76
Year 2018
Type of Item Diploma Work
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Summary

After the oil crises of the 1970s and 1980s and in response to the ever increasing energy prices, the establishment of Energy Saving Companies (ESCo) was initiated. The first ESCos emerged in the US and appeared later in Europe. Today in Europe there is already a significant number of ESCos in operation and most of them are located in Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy as well as in other countries.International experience shows that a combination of state intervention and third party financing (TPF) is preferable. An effort is made, to expand the benefits of the technological knowhow of energy savings from the corporate sector to private housing and public buildings mainly in order to take advantage of the consequential significant environmental benefits. In Greece, ESCos are still at a fairly early stage, and the existing examples are not enough to draw any clear conclusions. It can be cited though that according to cases from other countries, it is possible to locate viable models that could be applied in the case of Greece and that would simultaneously secure both economic and environmental benefits.The current research with the use of the PROMETHEE software, points out the main drawbacks that impede the signing of energy efficiency agreements (SARs) in Greece, according to the categories of the participants, namely municipalities, hotels, banks, hospitals, media and freelancers. The emerging conclusion according to the participants, is that the main drawbacks in signing SARs are (1) inadequate support from the government and the financial institutions (banks), (2) the required long repayment time of the investment and hence the long duration of the contract, and (3) the mistrust on behalf of the investors regarding the guaranteed energy savings. Of course and as expected, the results of the research vary from case to case. A potential remedy to all the above drawbacks seems to be related to recovery from the financial crisis and possibly to third party financing.

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