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Use of GreenZyme® for remediation of porous media polluted with jet fuel JP-5

Loukopoulos-Kousis Valentinos, Chrysikopoulos Constantinos

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Year 2020
Type of Item Peer-Reviewed Journal Publication
Bibliographic Citation V. Loukopoulos-Kousis and K. Chrysikopoulos, "Use of GreenZyme® for remediation of porous media polluted with jet fuel JP-5," Environ. Technol., vol. 41, no.3, pp. 277-286, 2020. doi: 10.1080/09593330.2018.1497092
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Jet fuel may be released in the environment either by in-flight fuel jettisoning (fuel dumping) or accidentally from spills and leaks, and eventually can reach subsurface formations where it can remain as long-term source of pollution. Remediation of aquifers contaminated by jet fuels is not a trivial task. This experimental study examined the effectiveness of a water-soluble, DNA–protein-based biodegradable non-living catalyst, with commercial name GreenZyme® for the remediation of water saturated porous media polluted with jet fuel (JP-5). Also for comparison purposes, the commercial surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was used. Bench scale experiments were conducted in a glass column packed with glass beads. The migration of JP-5 in the glass column under various conditions, with and without the presence of GreenZyme® was monitored by a well-established photographic method. Digital photographs of the packed column were captured under fluorescent lighting. The fluorescent intensity of JP-5 dyed with Red Oil O within the column was analyzed using the Matlab Image Processing Toolbox. The colour intensities were converted to concentrations via appropriate calibration curves. The experimental results suggested that GreenZyme® was an efficient biosurfactant capable of enhancing significantly the migration of JP-5 in the glass column, which performed considerably better that SDS under the experimental conditions of this study.