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Analysis of nature-based solutions in urban areas

Xylas Dimitris

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Year 2021
Type of Item Master Thesis
Bibliographic Citation Dimitris Xylas, "Analysis of nature-based solutions in urban areas", Master Thesis, School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece, 2021
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In the last decades, the urbanization of city centers combined with the intense degradation of their natural greenery has inevitably led to the development of new sustainable and eco-friendly man-made solutions to increase greenery areas. Nature-based Solutions (NBS) seem to be a viable and innovative strategy towards climate change mitigation with direct impact in socio-economic and ecological conditions and functions of urban life. Studies shows that the city of Chania, Crete, Greece, experiences problemsof urban overheating. The case study area examined is the Municipal Garden of Chania, located in the centre of the city and its surrounding area. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the Cool Island Effect of the case study area and also to utilizeENVI-met software to simulate and characterize the influence of the spatial arrangement of different NBS and cool materials on local temperature reduction. The cooling capacity of different green infrastructure elements (i.e. urban parks, street trees, green pavements), as well as the effect of vegetation cover and tree diversity areassessed. The evaluated scenarios include the replacement of the conventional pavement material by cool material and different types of tree planting along the sidewalks or bythe combination of them, the application of a green canopy in a pedestrian road, as well as the application of greenery and cool materials separately in specific areas of Chania, Crete,Greece.

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