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Measurement and verification of Zero Energy settlements: lessons learned from four pilot cases in Europe

Mavrigiannaki Angeliki, Gobakis Konstantinos, Kolokotsa Dionysia, Kalaitzakis Konstantinos, Pisello Anna Laura, Piselli Cristina, Gupta Rajat, Gregg Matt, Laskari Marina, Saliari Maria, Assimakopoulos Margarita-Niki, Synnefa Afroditi

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Year 2020
Type of Item Peer-Reviewed Journal Publication
Bibliographic Citation A. Mavrigiannaki, K. Gobakis, D. Kolokotsa, K. Kalaitzakis, A. L. Pisello, C. Piselli, R. Gupta, M. Gregg, M. Laskari, M. Saliari, M.-N. Assimakopoulos and A. Synnefa, “Measurement and verification of Zero Energy settlements: lessons learned from four pilot cases in Europe,” Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 22, Nov. 2020. doi: 10.3390/su12229783
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Measurement and verification (M&V) has become necessary for ensuring intended design performance. Currently, M&V procedures and calculation methods exist for the assessment of Energy Conservation Measures (ECM) for existing buildings, with a focus on reliable baseline model creation and savings estimation, as well as for reducing the computation time, uncertainties, and M&V costs. There is limited application of rigorous M&V procedures in the design, delivery and operation of low/zero energy dwellings and settlements. In the present paper, M&V for four pilot net-zero energy settlements has been designed and implemented. The M&V has been planned, incorporating guidance from existing protocols, linked to the project development phases, and populated with lessons learned through implementation. The resulting framework demonstrates that M&V is not strictly linked to the operational phase of a project but is rather an integral part of the project management and development. Under this scope, M&V is an integrated, iterative process that is accompanied by quality control in every step. Quality control is a significant component of the M&V, and the proposed quality control procedures can support the preparation and implementation of automated M&V. The proposed framework can be useful to project managers for integrating M&V into the project management and development process and explicitly aligning it with the rest of the design and construction procedures.

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