Institutional Repository
Technical University of Crete
EN  |  EL



My Space

Energy consumption and internal distribution in activated sludge wastewater treatment plants of Greece

Siatou Alexandra, Manali Anthoula, Gikas Petros

Simple record

Extent15 pagesen
Extent3,96 megabytesen
TitleEnergy consumption and internal distribution in activated sludge wastewater treatment plants of Greeceen
CreatorSiatou Alexandraen
CreatorΣιατου Αλεξανδραel
CreatorManali Anthoulaen
CreatorΜαναλη Ανθουλαel
CreatorGikas Petrosen
CreatorΓκικας Πετροςel
Content SummaryThe high-energy consumption of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is a crucial issue for municipalities worldwide. Most WWTPs in Greece operate as extended aeration plants, which results in high operational costs due to high energy needs. The present study investigated the energy requirements of 17 activated sludge WWTPs in Greece, serving between 1100–56,000 inhabitants (population equivalent, PE), with average daily incoming flowrates between 300–27,300 m3/d. The daily wastewater production per inhabitant was found to lie between 0.052 m3/PE·d and 0.426 m3/PE·d, with average volume of 0.217 ± 0.114 m3/PE·d. The electric energy consumption per volume unit (EQ (kWh/m3)) was between 0.128–2.280 kWh/m3 (average 0.903 ± 0.509 kWh/m3) following a near logarithmic descending correlation with the average incoming flowrate (Qav) (EQ = −0.294lnQav + 3.1891; R2 = 0.5337). A similar relationship was found between the daily electric energy requirements for wastewater treatment per inhabitant (EPE (kWh/PE·d)) as a function of PE, which varied from 0.041–0.407 kWh/PE·d (average 0.167 ± 0.101 kWh/PE·d)) (EPE = −0.073ln(PE) + 0.8425; R2 = 0.6989). Similarly, the daily energy cost per inhabitant (E€/PE (€/PE·d)) as a function of PE and the electric energy cost per wastewater volume unit (E€/V (€/m3)) as a function of average daily flow (Qav) were found to follow near logarithmic trends (E€/PE = −0.013ln(PE) + 0.1473; R2 = 0.6388, and E€/V = −0.052lnQav + 0.5151; R2 = 0.6359), respectively), with E€/PE varying between 0.005–0.073 €/PE·d (average 0.024 ± 0.019 €/PE·d) and E€/V between 0.012–0.291 €/m3 (average 0.111 ± 0.077 €/m3). Finally, it was calculated that, in an average WWTP, the aeration process is the main energy sink, consuming about 67.2% of the total electric energy supply to the plant. The large variation of energy requirements per inlet volume unit and per inhabitant served, indicate that there is large ground for improving the performance of the WWTPs, with respect to energy consumption. en
Type of ItemPeer-Reviewed Journal Publicationen
Type of ItemΔημοσίευση σε Περιοδικό με Κριτέςel
Date of Item2021-09-03-
Date of Publication2020-
SubjectWastewater treatment plant (WWTP)en
SubjectEnergy consumptionen
SubjectEnergy assessmenten
SubjectAeration tanken
SubjectActivated sludgeen
Bibliographic CitationA. Siatou, A. Manali, and P. Gikas, “Energy consumption and internal distribution in activated sludge wastewater treatment plants of Greece,” Water, vol. 12, no. 4, Apr. 2020. doi: 10.3390/w12041204en

Available Files