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Sustainability assessment of urban mobility in a tourist destination. Implementation in the insular urban center of Platanias

Gereoudakis Polyvios

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Year 2021
Type of Item Diploma Work
Bibliographic Citation Polyvios Gereoudakis, "Sustainability assessment of urban mobility in a tourist destination. Implementation in the insular urban center of Platanias", Diploma Work, School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece, 2021
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In this particular research project, the urban sustainable mobility of a Mediterranean tourism destination, is placed under the microscope. The insular urban centre that is examined, is Platanias, one of the major tourist attractions in the region of Chania. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the destination, by monitoring the current environmental status, pinpointing issues and environmental situations that can affect the tourist identity of the destination or affect the everyday life of the local populace. In order to achieve that, a data recording protocol was constructed, that included Particulate Matter data (PM1, PM2.5, PM10), Atmospheric Pollutants Data (NO, CO, NO2, CO2, PID), Noise Pollution Data (dBA Levels), Traffic Load Data (Speed, Length, Direction) and Environmental Parameters (Temperature, Humidity and Air Velocity). In order to record the mentioned data, specialized field equipment was utilized, that operated for a three (3) minute period, in three different field stations, across the spam of two seasons (Winter, Late Spring), thrice a week, for two weeks in each season, thus giving the proper dynamic characteristic in the protocol. The first station was located in the entrance of Platanias (ELTA), the second one in the intersection with the local freeway (Bridge) and the last one at the borders of Platanias (Municipality). During the data analysis, increased concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 were observed, such as (PM10) max=0.030 mg/m3 and (PM2.5) max=0.019 mg/m3 during winter and (PM10) max= 0.042 mg/m3 and (PM2.5) max=0.011 mg/m3 during late spring, that can be characterised as concerning. The same alerting profile, was detected during the sound data analysis, with L50= 60.3 dBA and L90= 72.7 dBA during winter, L50= 58.4 dBA and L90= 70.6 dBA during late spring, and Leq way above 50 dBA (Proposed Limit for an Urban Scene, by the Hellenic Republic) for the two seasons. The presented sound profile of the city, mandates urgent redevelopment of the urban scenery, in order to follow guidelines and be more enjoyable for the forthcoming visitors. The same can be said for the particulate matter levels, which may be within limits, but still raise concerns about their fluctuation according to the 2018 WHO initiative. Lastly, concerning the environmental data analysis, there is not a particular deviation from the expected results for an insular Mediterranean urban centre.

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