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Visual impact assessment on off-shore wind parks

Papadopoulos Stylianos

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Year 2021
Type of Item Diploma Work
Bibliographic Citation Stylianos Papadopoulos, "Visual impact assessment on off-shore wind parks", Diploma Work, School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece, 2021
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Wind parks have played a huge role in energy production from renewable energy sources, the past decades. The continuous increase in energy needs, in parallel with technology advances, has led to the growth of this area, with the creation of larger and more powerful wind turbines. In order to prevent the seizure of free land, off-shore wind parks began to emerge. One of the most serious issues with wind parks is the visual impact that they cause from the deterioration of the natural scenery they are placed at. While there have been some researches on visual impact assessment of on-shore wind parks, an international method for measuring visual impact hasn't been established yet. The accessible researches were even fewer for the off-shore wind parks and hence, it isn't possible to predict the visual impact upon the population of the area in which the wind park would be installed. The aim of the present paper is the assessment of the visual impact that it's being caused by an off-shore wind park and at the same time the creation of a method which will be able to predict the size of the impact. In order to achieve this, the first part was to test Spanish Method, a method which was created for on-shore wind parks. From the research there has been established that this method isn't capable to predict the size of the visual impact that's being caused. Therefore, there have been some changes, both from other researches and original ones, which improved the method, but still weren't able to fully complete it. In the same time, a new method was created named Greek Method and it was consisted from new original coefficients. This method was found to be the most accurate in the estimation of visual impact, but it still has some space left for improvements.

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