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Assessment of the environmental impact of ship loading/unloading: The case of the port of Souda

Nikoloudakis Christos

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Year 2021
Type of Item Diploma Work
Bibliographic Citation Christos Nikoloudakis, "Assessment of the environmental impact of ship loading/unloading: The case of the port of Souda", Diploma Work, School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece, 2021
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This thesis assesses the environmental impact of ships loading and unloading in the port of Souda. The problem of port sustainability has not arisen recently. According to the ESPO environmental report in 2020, from 2013 onwards air quality is the highest priority of European ports. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the air quality and noise pollution of the port.In order to carry out the evaluation, a measurement protocol was created to collect data on the concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10), gaseous pollutants (CO, CO2, NO, NO2), noise level (dB), climate data and passenger traffic of the port. The measurements were carried out at a point within the port on the arrival and departure of ships for three seasons (Winter, Spring, Summer) of 2021. Specifically, the data were collected three days a week, for two weeks per season. The duration of each measurement was one hour. From the processing of the numerical data of the measurements, scatter diagrams, box-plots and combination diagrams were constructed.From the analysis of the diagrams, conclusions are drawn about air quality and noise. Concentrations of particulate pollutants for all seasons were within the limits set by law. The highest concentration was recorded during the summer season, when the port has a large passenger traffic. As for the noise levels, they exceeded the limit values ​​of the legislation in Spring and Summer. Climate data range was normal for the period measured. Finally, solutions are proposed to improve air quality and reduce noise levels.

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