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FPGA-Based system design for applications of de Bruijn Graphs

Rompogiannakis Emmanouil-Eleftherios

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Year 2022
Type of Item Diploma Work
Bibliographic Citation Emmanouil-Eleftherios Rompogiannakis, "FPGA-Based system design for applications of de Bruijn Graphs", Diploma Work, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece, 2022
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The mathematical properties of De Bruijn graph were originally introduced in 1951 by the Dutch mathematicians Tanja van Aardenne-Ehrenfestsand Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn. The De Bruijn graph is a directed graph representing overlaps between sequences of symbols; it has several uses in thefield of telecommunications in protocols and networks and in the field ofBioinformatics, specifically in De novo genome assembly.The properties of De Bruijn graph and its promising uses in De novo genomeassembly have been presented in several scientific articles. In this thesis we have implemented an FPGA-based prototype hardware system for deBruijn graph applications in de Novo genome assembly. We used the Russian genome assembler named SPAdes13.0 as a case study for the use ofde Bruijn Graphs. The SPAdes.13.0 genome assembler is a current-generationtool, and it is widely used in the field. The SPAdes.13.0 is also used for theverification of our experimental results. The data sets used in this thesis comefrom to European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) . The FPGA Alveo U50has been used as the target technology for experimental results in this thesis. The resulting speedup is modest (up to 1.14x-1.35x) for small data setsand the system has worse performance than SPAdes for large data sets, thebottleneck being the resources and the memory subsystem. Different accelerator cards with more storage capacity and resources could better exploitparallelism with more compute units. Thus, this thesis is more of a firstgeneration feasibility study, and can form the baseline for future acceleratorarchitectures.

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