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A multi-criteria analysis of sustainable mobility policies in Shenzhen

Boulinaki Eirini

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Year 2023
Type of Item Master Thesis
Bibliographic Citation Eirini Boulinaki, "A multi-criteria analysis of sustainable mobility policies in Shenzhen", Master Thesis, School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece, 2023
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With transportation to have such a huge impact on one’s everyday life and on the environment, it is of crucial importance for sustainable mobility policies to be set on place.On this study different sustainable mobility policies were ranked by using multi-criteria analysis (MCDA). The city that the research was done on is the city of Shenzhen, China, which was one of the first Special Economic Zone set by the Chinese government for the 6th 5-year Plan of the People’s Republic of China. Six stakeholder groups (Local Authorities, Mobility Experts, Academics, Environmental groups and Local Communities) were asked to rank 10 criteria that belonged in 5 groups (Environment, Economy, Special Economic Zone Growth, Local Communities, Mobility) and PROMETHEE tool was used to rank 11 different sustainable mobility policies based on the answers and literature review. The results were to be compared with relevant research done in a Mediterranean city.The investigated mobility measures were divided in 5 main categories, covering the environment, mobility, foreign supported special economic zone growth, economy and local communities. The 10 chosen criteria derived from the 5 categories were involved the energy, environmental pollution, the traffic conditions, the transport infrastructure, the foreigners’ experience, the service finance, the local economy, the safety and the accessibility. Among the investigated actions were included the strategic plans for urban mobility and logistics, the real time monitoring system, actions for increasing safety and security, the mobility plans for schools communities’, the attractive and accessible public spaces, the shared mobility services, the e-charging infrastructure, the mobility management plans, the behavioral change and informative actions, the low emission zones and parking management, and the improved and accessible public transport services. According to PROMETHEE results, Mobility management and travel plans was the optimal policy for the city of Shenzhen, which happens to be the same for the Mediterranean city. In general, both the Chinese and the European participants prioritized the reduction of the environmental pollution, although the stakeholder groups seem to have different opinions on what is least important for their communities.

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