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On the control and stability of grid connected photovoltaic sources

Kalaitzakis Kostas, Vachtsevanos, G.J

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Year 1987
Type of Item Peer-Reviewed Journal Publication
Bibliographic Citation K.C. Kalaitzakis and G.J. Vachtsevanos, "On the Control and Stability of Grid Connected Photovoltaic Sources," IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, vol. EC-2, no.4, pp. 556-562, Dec. 1987. doi:10.1109/TEC.1987.4765892
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A methodology is proposed for the effective integration of photovoltaic (PV) devices into the electric utility distribution network operations. The dispersed PV generator is viewed as an active device used to improve system stability by appropriately modulating the power conditioning unit's output power. Disturbances on the utility system can be damped out by injecting this power into the grid in such a way so that the net effect is a cancellation of undesirable oscillations. The approach is implemented by monitoring the oscillating power and generating control signals which shape accordingly the interface unit's output power. Successful implementation of the scheme relies heavily on the speed and flexibility with which the electronic inverter moves power from the primary source/storage facility to the utility lines. Simulation studies, using the proposed control approach, indicate that application of these policies may result in reduced load following requirements for conventional power generating units, increase the value and acceptability of new energy technologies, and improve power quality and stability of the interconnected system.