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Macroscopic modeling and control of reversible lanes on freeways

Frejo José Ramón D. , Papamichail Ioannis, Papageorgiou Markos, Camacho, E. F., 1950-

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Year 2016
Type of Item Peer-Reviewed Journal Publication
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This paper proposes a macroscopic model and two control algorithms for the dynamic operation of reversible lanes on freeways. The proposed model is an extension of the second-order traffic flow model METANET. The reversible lanes are modeled like variable lane drops (taking into account that the cars in theclosed/opened lanes need a certain time to leave/enter the corresponding segments). Based on this model, two kinds of dynamic controllers have been developed. The first one is an easy-to-implement logic-based controller that takes into account the congestion lengths generated by the reversible lane bottleneck and uses this information for the dynamic operation of the lanes. The second one is a discrete model predictive control that minimizes the total time spent of the modeled network within some constraints for the maximum values of the generated bottleneck queues. The discrete optimization is carried out via evaluation of the cost function for all the leaves in a reduced search tree. The proposed model and control algorithms are simulated and tested using loop detector data collected over a section of the SE-30 freeway in Seville, Spain.The modeled network includes the Centenario Bridge, which is a bottleneck with a reversible lane that creates recurrent congestion during the morning rush-hour period. The results show that the proposed model is able to reproduce traffic congestion due to the reversible lanes and that all the proposed controllers (which can be computed in a short time) substantially reduce this congestion.

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