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Thermal comfort evaluation in HVAC demand response control

Kampelis Nikolaos, Ferrante Andrea, Kolokotsa Dionysia, Gobakis Konstantinos, Standardi Laura, Cristalli Cristina

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Year 2017
Type of Item Conference Full Paper
Bibliographic Citation N. Kampelis, A. Ferrante, D. Kolokotsa, K. Gobakis, L. Standardi and C. Cristalli, "Thermal comfort evaluation in HVAC demand response control," in 9th International Conference on Sustainability and Energy in Buildings, 2017, pp. 675-682. doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.587
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A novel idea, the Daily Discomfort Score (DDS) is developed to assess Demand Response (DR) and thermal comfort in a University building. HVAC set-point control is exercised as a way to reduce the cost of energy and improve thermal comfort. The Daily Discomfort Score employs operative temperature as the key input parameter to take into account radiative and air temperature conditions in each thermal zone. A penalty mechanism is introduced to account for temperature deviation outside the comfort zone and consecutive hours of discomfort. Baseline and preconditioning scenarios are tested to demonstrate the effectiveness of the Daily Discomfort Score in evaluating thermal comfort and Demand Response HVAC control.