Institutional Repository
Technical University of Crete
EN  |  EL



My Space

Sensitive and efficient RF harvesting supply for batteryless backscatter sensor networks

Assimonis Stylianos D., Daskalakis Spyridon-Nektarios, Bletsas Aggelos

Full record

Year 2016
Type of Item Peer-Reviewed Journal Publication
Bibliographic Citation S. D. Assimonis, S.-N. Daskalakis and A. Bletsas, "Sensitive and efficient RF harvesting supply for batteryless backscatter sensor networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 1327-1338, Apr. 2016. doi: 10.1109/TMTT.2016.2533619
Appears in Collections


This work presents an efficient and high-sensitivity radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting supply. The harvester consists of a single-series circuit with one double diode on a low-cost, lossy FR-4 substrate, despite the fact that losses decrease RF harvesting efficiency. The design targeted minimum reflection coefficient and maximum rectification efficiency, taking into account not only the impedance matching network, but also the rectifier microstrip trace dimensions and the load. The simulated and measured rectenna efficiency was 28.4% for-20-dBm} power input. In order to increase sensitivity, i.e., ability to harvest energy and operate at low power density, rectennas were connected in series configuration (voltage summing), forming rectenna arrays. The proposed RF harvesting system ability was tested at various input power levels, various sizes of rectenna arrays, with or without a commercial boost converter, allowing operation at RF power density as low as 0.0139 μ W/cm2. It is emphasized that the boost converter, whenever used, was self-started, without any additional external energy. The system was tested in supplying a scatter radio sensor, showing experimentally the effect of input power density on the operational cold start duration and duty cycle of the sensor.