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Feedback-based ramp metering and lane-changing control with connected and automated vehicles

Tajdari Farzam, Roncoli Claudio, Papageorgiou Markos

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Year 2022
Type of Item Peer-Reviewed Journal Publication
Bibliographic Citation F. Tajdari, C. Roncoli and M. Papageorgiou, "Feedback-based ramp metering and lane-changing control with connected and automated vehicles," IEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 939-951, Feb. 2022, doi: 10.1109/TITS.2020.3018873.
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Aiming at operating effectively future traffic systems, we propose here a novel methodology for integrated lane-changing and ramp metering control that exploits the presence of connected vehicles. In particular, we assume that a percentage of vehicles can receive and implement specific control tasks (e.g., lane-changing commands), while ramp metering is available via an infrastructure-based system or enabled by connected vehicles. The proposed approach is designed to robustly maximise the throughput at motorway bottlenecks employing a feedback controller, formulated as a Linear Quadratic Integral regulator, which is based on a simplified linear time invariant traffic flow model. We also present an extremum seeking algorithm to compute the optimal set-points used in the feedback controller, employing only the measurement of a cost that is representative of the achieved traffic conditions. The method is evaluated via simulation experiments, performed on a first-order, multi-lane, macroscopic traffic flow model, also featuring the capacity drop phenomenon, which allows to demonstrate the effectiveness of the developed methodology and to highlight the improvement in terms of the generated congestion.

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